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CASCADES cross-border impact framework

From Disaster Risk Gateway

Year of publication: 2021

Access: Open access publication

Link: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0959378021000868?via%3Dihub

Organisation(s) / Author(s): Finnish Environment Institute (SYKE); Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI); Department of Social Sciences, Wageningen University, Netherlands; Department of Economics, University of Bologna, Italy; Potsdam Institute for Climate Change Research (PIK), Germany.


Developed in the CASCADES (CAScading Climate risks: towards ADaptive and resilient European Societies) project, the conceptual framework focuses on how a climate impact occurring at a given location may be transmitted across borders, potentially presenting a risk to a region of interest that is remote from the initial impact, which may require a response from actors in that region. Explicit differentiation between different triggers (climate shocks, slow onset events), transmission scales, transmission dynamics, response transmission targets, response transmission dynamics.

Technical considerations

It is a conceptual framework accompanied by a nomenclature for describing and analysing cross-border impacts.


cascading risk; cross-border; climate change impacts; nomenclature